Pittsburgh neighborhood (Allegheny County, Pennsylvania)

April 11, 2020 (Revised May 1, 2020 with new findings)

Brewery Locations

Dutch Brewery
Colwell Street runs parallel to Fifth Avenue
Operating dates unknown.
The 1872 Hopkins Atlas, Plate 25 showed the Dutch Brewery being at this location. I cannot find this name in any other reference or directory. A deed search is in order but that will require a great deal of time considering the number of times the land has be sub-divided. The Consol Energy Center now sits in this space. Am 1870 directory had George Steckner having a brewery at Colwell and Fulton, which would have been the Dutch.

Bottling House
A bottling house was shown on the same atlas at Washington Street, north of Fifth Avenue, on Plate 3 but offers no connection with the brewery.

Dutch Lutheran Church
It is also interesting to note that a Dutch Lutheran Church was located at the corner of Pride St and Ann Alley per Hopkins 1882 Atlas, Plate 4.

Begin Oregon Brewery

David Fawcett
David Fawcett and Thomas Walker were the owners in 1861.
Walker was a retired “gentleman” in 1862 and the brewery was owned by D. Fawcett & Company.
Thomas Walker was born in Pittsburgh in 1840. He opened a brewery during the Civil War (1861 – 1865) but for some unexplained reason, an attorney (Thomas Marshall) convinced him to get out of the brewing business. Marshall told him in 1862 to open a foundry in Braddock. I find no support for this.

Thomas Walker Jr. was the son of Thomas and Sarah Harrison (Berkenshire). Thomas Walker Jr. Timeline.
1840: was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1840. He was a machinist by trade. 1858: The directory shows him and Robert Walker as (steam) engine builders. 1861: He opened a brewery (Fawcett & Walker)
1861: Thomas Sr. had died.
1862: Left brewing in 1862. The 1862 directory has him as a retired “gentleman”. 1863: The directory has him as an engine builder.
The directories in the 1800’s referred retired men as gentlemen.
They lived at 94 Gibbon Street in Uptown.
1865: The directory has him with McVay & Walker at 94 Gibbon.
Thomas McVay lived near at 18 Congress St.

David Fawcett has an interesting timeline.
1856: D Fawcett & Company operated the West Point Forge at 50 Water Street, Downtown.
1859: The Pittsburgh Directory has him as an agent for Smith & Co. in downtown.
1860: The Pittsburgh Directory has him as an agent for Spencer & Garrard who owned the Phoenix Brewery in the Strip District.
1861: He and Walker open the Oregon Brewery.
1867: Fawcett teamed with Pollock to own the Monongahela Brewery at 110 First Street, Downtown. It would become Harry Darlington’s brewery.

Fawcett Entries in the Pittsburgh Directories (for reference)
1858 has no entries for Fawcett
1858 has D. FAWCETT & CO, West Point Forge, 50 Water
1858 has D. Fawcett of D. Fawcett & Co., 55 Third
1858 has D. Fawcett & Co., West Point Forge, 51 Water
1858 has D. Fawcett of D. Fawcett & Co., home Smithfield north of First
1858 has David Fawcett, restaurant, 13 Smithfield
1859 has David Fawcett, agent at Smith’s Brewery, 212 Penn
1859 has D. Fawcett & Co., West Point Forge, 51 Water
1859 has D. Fawcett of D. Fawcett & Co.
1860 directory is not available
1861 has David Fawcet of Fawcett & Walker, n Johnston’s Depot, Second

I can find nothing in Fawcett’s or Walker’s history as to how the brewery took the name Oregon. See the three entries below that may offer something.

Piers & Dannals
Owners: Rufus W. Pier & Henry F. Dannals
Operated from 1867 to 1895
Hopkins 1882 Atlas, Plates $ & 6 for the Oregon Brewery
Located in the area of the fire station and Mercy Hospital.

Piers & Dannals followed Fawcett at this location. The Oregon Brewery can be confirmed as it appears on a published maps and the company’s billhead. Pier & Dannals had other real estate in this area.

Rufus W. Pier & Henry F. Dannals, Oregon Brewery was known to make Cream & Burton Ales. Not sure about the 1894 date as they were known to be in business on March 16, 1889, per Pittsburgh Dispatch.

Pier & Dannals were sued by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for non-payment of state mercantile tax although they did pay their liquor tax. This was reported in the Pittsburgh Dispatch December 2, 1890.

Correction: The Pittsburgh Dispatch, in a December 2, 1890 story spelled the name Pier & Dannals. They did not use Dannels as most others seem to have done.

Oddity: The Pittsburgh Press on December 19, 1944 reported the death of Mr. Pier Dannals. He was the Prothonotary for the Superior Courts for the Western District since 1919. He was 70. He lived in Crafton at 149 W. Steuben Street in Crafton until one month prior to his death when he moved to the University Club. The obituary does not mention him having a brewery. The Pittsburg (no h) Dispatch reported on June 24, 1892 that he graduated the Central High School. He would have been 18.

Pier (Peter) Dannals (February 26, 1874 – December 19, 1944)

I find it odd that the brewery would have a name similar to a person not yet born. Clearly, the brewery was owned by two individuals, yet combined they make the name of a single person who was born in the same general era.

Influence: James Ross owned land in what is currently downtown. His six-acre lot was bounded by: Forth Avenue, Fifth Avenue, Grant Street and Ross Streets. It acquired the name the Oregon Lot sometimes in the early 1800’s. The name Oregon seems to have some significance in Pittsburgh history and may have influenced Pier & Dannals.

Kaufman’s Warehouse
Kaufman’s Warehouse was built on this site, built about 1901)

Oregon, Use of the Name
The entries below are placed is here for Pittsburgh Historical information.

Oregon Brewery Name
The location of the Oregon Brewery was at Forbes and Stevenson Streets in the Uptown neighborhood. Fawcett had the brewery in 1861 but the first time the name Oregon Brewery appears is I the 1862 directory.

Oregon Club
An Oregon Club was in existence in Tarentum in 1902.

Oregon Lot
The Oregon Lot was bounded by: Grant Street, Fifth Avenue, Ross Street and Fourth Avenue in the Downtown area. James Ross (b. July 12, 1762 Delta, Pa. – d. November 27, 1847, Pittsburgh, Pa.) bought the “Lot” from John Marie in the 1800’s. The Oregon Lot area was on land that was a part of Grant’s Hill. I do not know how it became to be known as Oregon Lot but this could have influenced the brewery’s owners. This is speculation on my part.

James Ross (July 12, 1762- November 27, 1847) lived in a frame house until he died. The house was on a lot known as The Oregon Lot and the house Oregon House, which was occupied for a while by a brewery.
History of Allegheny County: Volume 1, p 528. A courthouse and jail was built on the adjacent lot in 1836.

John Marie sold to James Ross, per Deed Book12, page 62

Tracy & Wilkinson, Oregon Brewery, Special Entry
Pittsburgh As It Is, Facts & Figures has the Oregon Brewery being at Penn Street, Pittsburgh, being operated by Rhodes & Verner and established by Rhodes & Verner in 1854. Rhodes & Verner are believed to have bought a brewery from Tracy & Wilkinson, but this has not been verified. R & V have been in this area since 1856 but I have not seen any reference to T & W. The date of Thurston’s book gives credibility to this but he did not acknowledge a brewery by Tracy and Wilkinson. If this were true then the brewery was located in Downtown but the question is how did the name get applied to a brewery in Uptown in 1861? Rhodes’ brewery always went by the name of Pittsburgh Brewery.
Pittsburgh As It Is, Facts & Figures by George H. Thurston, published in 1857.

End Oregon Brewery

Vicroy Street Brewery
Vicroy Street between Magee and Stevenson
Some documents use Vickroy as the spelling.
Shown without property owner name on Hopkins 1872 Atlas, Plate 29. The lot was no larger than what would have accommodated a house.

Special Entry 1
John Leffler was a brewer living at 95 Magee Street in 1872. I do not know if he had ownership in or working in the Vicroy Street brewery but the proximity should be noticed.

Special Entry 2
An 1862 map of Allegheny County noted a list of Brewers ad Distillers. Fried Kaplan as located on Watson Street between Magee and Stephenson Streets. He would have been a distiller. He was not shown in the Pittsburgh Directories. Maps do not show Watson near Magee and Stevenson, which are parallel to each other.